A fork is a copy of a repository. It allows you to freely experiment with changes without affecting the original project. Here is how to Fork a repo in Github and its workflow.
- 1 Workflow: Forking a GitHub Repository to Submitting a Pull Request
- 2 1. Fork a GitHub Repository
- 3 2. Clone your new fork locally
- 4 3. Add your original repository as Remote
- 5 4. Create a new feature branch to track your changes
- 6 5. Add, commit, and push the changes
- 7 6. Submit your pull request
- 8 7. Keep your fork in sync
Workflow: Forking a GitHub Repository to Submitting a Pull Request
- Fork a GitHub repository.
- Clone your fork locally.
- Add a Git remote for the original repository.
- Create a new feature branch to track your changes.
- Add, Commit, and Push your changes.
- Submit your pull request.
- Keep your fork in sync.
1. Fork a GitHub Repository
- Log in to your Github account.
- Find the GitHub repository with which you would like to contribute or work.
- Press the Fork button on the upper right-hand side of the repository’s page.
2. Clone your new fork locally
Make a local copy of your new forked repository using git clone.
git clone https://github.com/<username>/<forked-repo>.git
3. Add your original repository as Remote
Add your original repository as an upstream remote in your forked repository. It will allow you to pull in changes from your original repository to your forked repository.
cd <forked-repo> git remote add upstream https://github.com/<username>/<original-repo>.git
4. Create a new feature branch to track your changes
To create a new branch and check it out (meaning tell Git you will be making changes to the branch), use this command:
git checkout -b <new branch name>
5. Add, commit, and push the changes
Add the files you’ve changed and commit them with a descriptive message.
git add . git commit -m "Add first draft of some feature" git push -u origin <new branch name>
6. Submit your pull request
You’re now all ready to submit the improvement you’ve made to the project’s maintainers for approval.
1. Go to the original repositories Pull Requests tab.
2. You should see an automatic suggestion from GitHub to create a pull request from your new branch.
7. Keep your fork in sync
Your forked repository doesn’t automatically stay in sync with the original repository.
To keep your fork in sync with the original repository, use these commands:
git pull upstream master git push origin master